The book starts with a problem even before opening the first page. The book title "Ruined by Design: How Designers Destroyed the World, and What We Can Do to Fix It" has very little to do with the book content. Especially when in the introduction, the author claims that the book will speak to the designer community and field. However, most of the entire book reflects and mentions how Humans, who created guns, religions, combustion engines, social networks, financial systems, etc, are the main cause for the ethical problem we face today. These wicked problems have little or none to do with design. We, designers, from the fields like industrial, graphic, fashion, and digital design, we little can do about all these Humanity issues.
On one hand, the author demands designers to raise their voices against unethical projects in order to protect the people. But on the other hand, he focuses on examples such violations of data privacy, for example, which, again, are not directly from the domain of design. Nonetheless, he demands designers to stop other people, namely, developers, engineers, and managers, from making those things, claiming that "A designer's job is always to look out for society's best interest."(p.52). He sees the designer as an instrument to stop these unethical decisions, like unauthorized data collection by refusing to comply with this line of work.
So, if this is a book for us, designers, what is our role on all of these? The book fails to bridge the gap between the problems described with the people that should be the target of the book - The Designer.
As mention before, the ideas and opinions of the authors lack foundations and structure, undermining the book's coherence and narrative. An example is how the author use the word and definition of "Designer" across the book. He doesn't define in which sense he sees or projects the term "Designer", in consequence, the term is used ambiguously on the entire book. By the end of the book, the author refer to his readers as "tech workers". First, the book fails to make it clear if the book focuses on a broad definition of design to include developers and engineers, or if it is a book for developers/engineers. But in the end, it is mistakenly advertised as if it' is a book written for designers, about design. What is not at all.